aerial view of the Amazon river

Chile

Spring 2004​ | Volume III, Number 3

Table of Contents

Editor’s Letter →

by June Carolyn Erlick

Politics and Identity

Politics and Corruption

Politics and Corruption

Since the beginning of Chilean redemocratization in 1989, numerous allegations of corruption in local government, the judiciary, ministries, public services and public enterprises have impacted…

Naked in Santiago

Naked in Santiago

On a freezing winter Sunday morning in July 2002, four thousand people euphorically took off their clothes in a downtown Santiago park. Spencer Tunick, the American photographer working…

In Memoriam

In Memoriam

We, the members of the social science community, mourn the profound loss of Norbert Lechner, a renowned Chilean social scientist. Born in Germany in 1939, Lechner visited Chile as a young…

Chile Today

Chile Today

Two divergent views seek to define Chile today. One tends to be self-complacent, optimistic and officialist. The other is more marginal, skeptical and sour…

An Identity in the World

An Identity in the World

English + Español
On March 4, 2004, Chilean Army Lieutenant General Mario Messen received a gust of heat on arriving at Touissant L’Ouverture Airport in Port-au-Prince, Haiti. Under his command the first 120…

Chile Has Changed

Chile Has Changed

English + Español
A tourist or a foreigner on a business trip returning to Chile after a few years away receives a crystal clear impression upon arrival: Chile has changed. What he (or she) sees confirms press…

Focus on Economics

Poverty or Potential?

Poverty or Potential?

Teresa stops me three blocks from Nueva Imperial’s main plaza on a quiet Wednesday morning, eager to chat. She is wearing a light blue sweater and a matching blue headband glowing slightly against her dark black hair.

Freedom in Code

Freedom in Code

In January 2004, Congressman Alejandro Navarro Brain announced his intention to introduce Chile’s first piece of legislation requiring the use of free software in all branches of public…

Citizenship: Diversity and Equity

Migration

Migration

n the last decade, citizens from Peru, Bolivia, Ecuador, Argentina and Cuba have flocked to Chile. They migrated to Chile with expectations based on the stability of the economic model…

Homosexual in Chile Today

Homosexual in Chile Today

Homosexual advocacy organizations appeared at the end of the 1980s as a social response to the HIV/AIDS epidemics and the fight for democracy. Homosexual groups such as Liber-H…

Modernization a la Chilena

Modernization a la Chilena

English + Español
On the 30th anniversary of the coup in 2003, Chile also celebrated two decades of practically uninterrupted economic growth and 15 years of peaceful transition from dictatorship to…

The Struggle of the Mapuche Peoples

The Struggle of the Mapuche Peoples

English + Español
Chile’s Mapuche Nation, with nearly a million members, is becoming a central protagonist of the new Chilean political and cultural panorama. Since the beginning of the 1990s and with the…

The University Student Movement

The University Student Movement

English + Español
Almost three months ago, I witnessed an event that truly describes the situation of the students in my country. The elections for the director of the Federation of Students were happening at the…

Memory and Reconciliation

The Other 9/11

The Other 9/11

Like a bolt of lightning that illuminates a darkened landscape, attracting everyone’s attention, the recent commemoration of the 30th anniversary of the military coup of 9-11-1973 has…

Chile’s National Stadium

Chile’s National Stadium

Chile’s national stadium became a national monument on August 21, 2003. Thirty years ago, just after the Pinochet coup, the National Stadium possessed the largest single prison population in the country. Today, the stadium joins other civil-society…

The Coup in Chile

The Coup in Chile

English + Español
I was in England at the time of the coup. Like many observers it took me by surprise—I thought that, difficult though the situation was in Chile, somehow a compromise would be worked out…

From the Culture of Confrontation

From the Culture of Confrontation

English + Español
In 1969, two soft drinks sparked an episode worthy of the Cold War in Chile. The protagonists of this new clash were products from the same company, the essence of the image of imperialism…

Focus on Harvard

Magellan Telescopes

Magellan Telescopes

The center of our galaxy passes directly overhead Las Campanas in Chile. Velvet dark night skies and long stretches of clear weather provide extraordinary opportunities to study astronomical…

Health Reform Process in Chile

Health Reform Process in Chile

Doctors had been striking against the health reform laws two weeks before we arrived. Newspapers were full of debates over the proposed reform. We’d organized a course for 15…

Health Reform Process in Chile

Harvard in Chile

“So what’s Harvard doing in Chile?” is a question that I am rather often asked as program director for Harvard’s Regional Office of the David Rockefeller Center for Latin America Studies (DRCLAS) based in Santiago, Chile. There are at least three answers to this question…

ELEMENTAL

ELEMENTAL

There have been two major movements in the history of social housing. The first one was in Germany in 1927, when, the best architects of the time tried to solve the problem of low cost…

The Other Chile: Art and Literature

A Country of Poets

A Country of Poets

A Celebration of Pablo Neruda (1904-1973) at Harvard’s Houghton Library honored the centennial of the Chilean poet Pablo Neruda’s birth. Items featured include manuscript drafts of Neruda’s…

Chilean Art

Chilean Art

English + Español
Chile’s contemporary artists do not cling to any particular ideology. Rather, this new generation of artists seek to understand the recent past without a sense of guilt or victimization. They look…

Book Talk

El jardín pandémico

El jardín pandémico

English + Español
Imagine the tranquility of a garden. With the aroma of flowers mixed in with the buzzing of bees and the contrast of shady trees against the fierce Paraguayan sun. From the intimacy of a family garden in which daily ritual leads one to water the plants, gather up the dry leaves…