Justice

Mujeres haciendo paz (Spanish version)

Una initiativa de sociedad civil

Por Martha Quintero, Rocío Pinedo, Rosa E. Salamanca, Martha E. Segura, Nancy Tapias, y Pilar Hernández

Colombia es un país con una historia de violencia política y social que se remonta aproximadamente 50 años atrás. En especial la insurgencia empieza un fuerte proceso de expansión a partir de 1979 en las diversas regiones del país. Estos hechos coinciden con la incapacidad creciente del Estado para garantizar el cumplimiento de sus obligaciones frente a sus ciudadanos, en todo el territorio nacional. El escenario...

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Women Waging Peace (English version)

A Civil Society Initiative

By Martha Quintero, Rocío Pinedo, Rosa E. Salamanca, Martha E. Segura, Nancy Tapias, and Pilar Hernández

Colombia's history of political and social violence goes back about 50 years, weakening its institutions and killing its children. Four percent of the Colombian population has died in the domestic armed conflict. Every day, it becomes more and more necessary to find a political solution—however, political negotiations have consistently failed since 1982.

The solution to this 50-year old problem of...

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La movilización de la sociedad civil Colombiana (Spanish version)

Los programas de desarollo y paz

Por Juliet Rincón

Cuando me pregunto que movió a aquellos que estábamos en empresas privadas, universidades, iglesias, cámaras de comercio, etc., es decir a la todavía no muy claramente definida Sociedad Civil Colombiana; a actuar a favor de las comunidades que en nuestras regiones están siendo azotadas por la violencia o por la marginación, necesariamente me remito a hechos como los que, en una publicación periódica denominada “Pertinentes”, Francisco de Roux (Director del Consorcio de Desarrollo y Paz del Magdalena...

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The Mobilization of Colombian Civil Society (English version)

Towards Peace and Development Program

By Juliet Rincón

As a member of the rather amorphous Colombian civil society, I sometimes ask myself what it is that has moved those of us who belong to private companies, universities, churches, chambers of commerce and other organizations to advocate on behalf of the communities in our region that are being plagued by violence or by poverty. I must turn to the brutal facts such as the Pertinentes publication that Father Francisco de Roux, director of the...

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Managing Peace

Private Sector and Peace Processes in El Salvador, Guatemala, and Colombia

By Angelika Rettberg 

In a recent interview, a Salvadoran businessman recalled what ex-combatants of the demobilized Frente Farabundo Martí para la Liberación Nacional (FMLN) told him when they met: “The worst mistake we made since [the government of president] Duarte was that we negotiated with politicians; we should have negotiated with the owners of this country, the business people.”

This assertion emphasizes the fundamental role business plays, and indeed...

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The Black Movement

Revising the Story

By Monique-Adelle Callahan

This summer I traveled to Brazil for a major international gathering of scholars, political leaders, poets, and students at A Conferência de Intelectuais da África e da Diáspora (The Conferences of Intellectuals from Africa and the Diaspora) in Salvador, the capital of the state of Bahia in the northeastern region of Brazil. A Tarde, a popular Bahian newspaper, called the event “o mais importante evento de e para a comunidade negra brasileira ocurrido nos últimos...

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Equity and Public Action


One way Brazilians express their citizenship is through street demonstrations. Depicted here is a recent demonstration in São Paulo. Photo by Jason Dyett

Facing the Challenge of Brazil's Inequality

By Peter Spink

In his classical text on citizenship in the era of the welfare state and the coming together...

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Justice For All

Women suffer the brunt of violence; victims must be heard. Photo by Donna DeCesare

Mexican Communities Take Justice Into Their Own Hands

By Ann Gurucharri and Tony Saudek

In January, 2007, Mexican president Felipe Calderón ordered the Federal Army to the southwestern state of...

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Freedom of Expression in Latin America

The Inter-American Human Rights System

By Catalina Botero Marino and Michael J. Camilleri

In June 1997, Chile’s Supreme Court upheld a ban on the film “The Last Temptation of Christ,” based on a Pinochet-era provision of the country’s constitution. Four years later, the Inter-American Court of Human Rights heard a challenge to this ban and issued a very different decision. The hemisphere’s highest human rights tribunal found that in censoring the film Chile had violated its international obligation to respect freedom of thought and...

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